A Strategic Board has a View to Look Ahead, an Insight to look deeper, and a Competency to look beyond.
A strategic board should be knowledge enough to set broad strategic goals: They need to educate themselves by hearing different views about the organization, its environment, and strategic alternatives. The board represents the ownership and they really cannot do a good job if they don't have the knowledge to challenge and set the broad strategic goals. Objectives and tactics are the appropriate points of delegation to management.
A truly strategic Board takes practice, practice, practice: The Board's role is to pull management out of the trees to see the forest; to see the shape of the landscape to come and how it will capture the best picture; to ensure there is a strong context for establishing the tactical choices when the surprises that will invariably show up. The challenge also includes converting vision (aka innovation) to clear marketing and executable management processes.
A truly strategic Boards can add real value to management in the strategy arena: Especially if management confuses strategy with longer term financial plans. In today's world with such frequency of change and competition showing up in the most bizarre ways, can a company actually do a "Strategic plan" and in what ways does the Annual planning retreat need to change? By Context, it is referring to a deep understanding of the core purpose of the organization, its values, who it is serving and how is it attempting to improve the lives of those it serves.
The Board members must be competent with unique insight with the right knowledge/ experience: The BoDs need to gain deeply understanding about the enterprise in order to be a credible actor in the strategy dialogue. This requires a major time commitment. If all three elements are in place, it works. Casual strategy leads to superficial results. As a good strategy has always to diagnose the key business problems/issues, set the guidelines, make a set of choices, and include a series of actions.
A strategic Board is a prerequisite to be an effective and high-performing Board. Thereof, in order to become more strategic, Boards need to spend their efforts on developing an understanding strategy so they can set the vision and broad goals. The company’s senior executive team needs to assist the board with leadership issues and then organize the operational aspects of achieving the vision and goals.